Unsur, Bahan Kimia dan Proses Kimia

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# Simbol Nama Berat atom Konfigurasi Elektron
1 H Hidrogen 1.00794 1s1
2 He Helium 4.002602 1s2
3 Li Litium 6.941 [He] 2s1
4 Be Berilium 9.012182 [He] 2s2
5 B Boron 10.811 [He] 2s2 2p1
6 C Karbon 12.0107 [He] 2s2 2p2
7 N Nitrogen 14.0067 [He] 2s2 2p3
8 O Oksigen 15.9994 [He] 2s2 2p4
9 F Fluorin, ²Flor 18.9984032 [He] 2s2 2p5
10 Ne Neon 20.1797 [He] 2s2 2p6
11 Na Natrium 22.98976928 [Ne] 3s1
12 Mg Magnesium 24.305 [Ne] 3s2
13 Al Aluminium 26.9815386 [Ne] 3s2 3p1
14 Si Silikon 28.0855 [Ne] 3s2 3p2
15 P Fosforus 30.973762 [Ne] 3s2 3p3
16 S Sulfur, ²Belerang 32.065 [Ne] 3s2 3p4
17 Cl Klorin, ²Klor 35.453 [Ne] 3s2 3p5
18 Ar Argon 39.948 [Ne] 3s2 3p6
19 K Kalium 39.0983 [Ar] 4s1
20 Ca Kalsium 40.078 [Ar] 4s2
21 Sc Skandium 44.955912 [Ar] 3d1 4s2
22 Ti Titanium 47.867 [Ar] 3d2 4s2
23 V Vanadium 50.9415 [Ar] 3d3 4s2
24 Cr Kromium, ²Krom 51.9961 [Ar] 3d5 4s1
25 Mn Mangan 54.938045 [Ar] 4s2 3d5
26 Fe Besi 55.845 [Ar] 4s2 3d6
27 Co Kobalt 58.933195 [Ar] 3d7 4s2
28 Ni Nikel 58.6934 [Ar] 3d8 4s2
29 Cu Tembaga 63.546 [Ar] 3d10 4s1
30 Zn Zink, ²Seng 65.409 [Ar] 3d10 4s2
31 Ga Gallium 69.723 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
32 Ge Germanium 72.64 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
33 As Arsenik, ²Arsen 74.9216 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3
34 Se Selenium 78.96 [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p4
35 Br Bromin, ²Brom 79.904 [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p5
36 Kr Kripton 83.798 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
37 Rb Rubidium 85.4678 [Kr] 5s1
38 Sr Strontium 87.62 [Kr] 5s2
39 Y Ytrium 88.90585 [Kr] 4d1 5s2
40 Zr Zirkonium 91.224 [Kr] 4d2 5s2
41 Nb Niobium 92.90638 [Kr] 4d4 5s1
42 Mo Molibdenum 95.94 [Kr] 4d5 5s1
43 Tc Technetium (98) [Kr] 4d5 5s2
44 Ru Rutenium 101.07 [Kr] 4d7 5s1
45 Rh Rodium 102.9055 [Kr] 4d8 5s1
46 Pd Paladium 106.42 [Kr] 4d10
47 Ag Perak 107.8682 [Kr] 4d10 5s1
48 Cd Kadmium 112.411 [Kr] 4d10 5s2
49 In Indium 114.818 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
50 Sn Timah 118.71 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
51 Sb Antimoni 121.76 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
52 Te Telurium 127.6 [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p4
53 I Iodin, ²Yodium 126.90447 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
54 Xe Xenon, ²Senon 131.293 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
55 Cs Sesium 132.9054519 [Xe] 6s1
56 Ba Barium 137.327 [Xe] 6s2
57 La Lanthanum 138.90547 [Xe] 5d1 6s2
58 Ce Serium 140.116 [Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s2
59 Pr Praseodimium 140.90765 [Xe] 4f3 6s2
60 Nd Neodimium 144.242 [Xe] 4f4 6s2
61 Pm Prometium (145) [Xe] 4f5 6s2
62 Sm Samarium 150.36 [Xe] 4f6 6s2
63 Eu Europium 151.964 [Xe] 4f7 6s2
64 Gd Gadolinium 157.25 [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
65 Tb Terbium 158.92535 [Xe] 4f9 6s2
66 Dy Disprosium 162.5 [Xe] 4f10 6s2
67 Ho Holmium 164.93032 [Xe] 4f11 6s2
68 Er Erbium 167.259 [Xe] 4f12 6s2
69 Tm Tulium 168.93421 [Xe] 4f13 6s2
70 Yb Yterbium 173.04 [Xe] 4f14 6s2
71 Lu Lutetium 174.967 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d1
72 Hf Hafnium 178.49 [Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
73 Ta Tantalum 180.94788 [Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s2
74 W Wolfram 183.84 [Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2
75 Re Renium 186.207 [Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2
76 Os Osmium 190.23 [Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2
77 Ir Iridium 192.217 [Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
78 Pt Platinum 195.084 [Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
79 Au Aurum, Emas 196.966569 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
80 Hg Raksa, ²Merkuri 200.59 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
81 Tl Talium 204.3833 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1
82 Pb Plumbum, ²Timbal 207.2 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
83 Bi Bismut 208.9804 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
84 Po Polonium (209) [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p4
85 At Astatin (210) [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p5
86 Rn Radon (222) [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6
87 Fr Fransium (223) [Rn] 7s1
88 Ra Radium (226) [Rn] 7s2
89 Ac Aktinium (227) [Rn] 6d1 7s2
90 Th Torium 232.0381 [Rn] 6d2 7s2
91 Pa Protaktinium 231.03588 [Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2
92 U Uranium 238.02891 [Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2
93 Np Neptunium (237) [Rn] 5f4 6d1 7s2
94 Pu Plutonium (244) [Rn] 5f6 7s2
95 Am Amerisium (243) [Rn] 5f7 7s2
96 Cm Kurium (247) [Rn] 5f7 6d1 7s2
97 Bk Berkelium (247) [Rn] 5f9 7s2
98 Cf Kalifornium (251) [Rn] 5f10 7s2
99 Es Einsteinium (252) [Rn] 5f11 7s2
100 Fm Fermium (257) [Rn] 5f12 7s2
101 Md Mendelevium (258) [Rn] 5f13 7s2
102 No Nobelium (259) [Rn] 5f14 7s2
103 Lr Lawrensium (262) [Rn] 5f14 6d1 7s2
104 Rf Ruterfordium (265) [Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
105 Db Hahnium (268) [Rn] 5f14 6d3 7s2
106 Sg Seaborgium (263) [Rn] 5f14 6d4 7s2
107 Bh Bohrium (272) [Rn] 5f14 6d5 7s2
108 Hs Hassium (278) [Rn] 5f14 6d6 7s2
109 Mt Meitnerium (278) [Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2
110 Ds Darmstadtium (281) [Rn] 5f14 6d9 7s1
111 Rg Roentgenium (280) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s1
112 Cn Copernicium (285) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2
113 Nh Nihonium (284) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p1
114 Fl Flerovium (289) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p2
115 Mc Moscovium (288) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p3
116 Lv Livermorium (293) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p4
117 Ts Tennessine (294) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p5
118 Og Oganesson (294) [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d10 7p6
Jadual Berkala
Definisi Untuk Hari Ini
balanced equation
An equation for a chemical reaction in which the number of atoms for each element in the reaction and the total charge are the same for both the reactants and the products. In other words, the mass and the charge are balanced on both sides of the reaction.