Bromin, ²Brom (Br)

Ciri-Ciri Umum

Simbol Br
Nombor Atom 35
Berat atom 79.904
Kumpulan
17 (keluarga florin)
VIIB (IUPAC), VIIA (CAS)
Liquid, Diamagnetic, Insulator, Halogen, Nonmetal, Stable, Natural
Tempoh 4
Blok p

Ciri-Ciri Fizikal

Ketumpatan 3.12 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 23.5 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.12 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 114 pm
Crust Abundance 0.0003%
Crystal Structure Orthorhombic
Color Red

Tenaga

Keelektronegatifan 3.0 (Skala Pauling)
Afiniti Elektron 324.6 kJ/mol
Pengionan Tenaga Pertama 1140 kJ/mol
ke2 Ionization Energy 2103 kJ/mol
ke3 Ionization Energy 3470 kJ/mol
ke4 Ionization Energy 4560 kJ/mol
ke5 Ionization Energy 5760 kJ/mol
ke6 Ionization Energy 8550 kJ/mol
ke7 Ionization Energy 9940 kJ/mol
ke8 Ionization Energy 18600 kJ/mol
Kapasiti Haba Spesifik 0.226 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivit Termal 0.122 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Pengoksidaan

Keadaan Oksidisasi ±1,+5
Elektron Setiap Petala 2 8 18 7
Konfigurasi Elektron [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p5
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿ 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Model Planetari Bohr Bromin, ²Brom (Br)
Rajah Dot Lewis Bromin, ²Brom (Br)
Description
Redish-brown liquid.
Uses
It was once used in large quantities to make a compound that removed lead compound build up in engines burning leaded gasoline. Now it is primarily used in dyes, disinfectants, and photographic chemicals.
Sources
Occurs in compounds in sea water.
Pronounciation (English)
BRO-meen

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Broom
Aragonese Bromo
العربية بروم
Armãneashte Bromu
asturianu Bromu
azərbaycan dili Brom
български Бром
বাংলা ব্রোমিন
brezhoneg Brom
bosanski Brom
Byelorussian Бром
Cebuano Bromo
čeština Brom
Chuvash Бром
Cymraeg Brom
dansk Brom
Deutsch Brom
Ελληνικά Βρωμιο
English Bromine
esperanto Bromo
español Bromo
eesti Broom
euskara Bromoa
فارسی برم
suomi Bromi
føroyskt Brom
français Brome
furlan Brom
West-Frysk Broom
Gaeilge Bróimín
Gàidhlig Bròimin
galego Bromo
ગુજરાતી બ્રોમિનનો
Gaelg Bromeen
Hakka Chinese Tshiù (溴)
עברית ברום
हिन्दी ब्रोमिन
hrvatski Brom
magyar Bróm
հայերեն Բրոմ
Indonesia Brom
íslenska Bróm
italiano Bromo
日本語 臭素
ქართული ბრომი
کٲشُر Bróm
қазақ тілі Бром
한국어 브롬, 2브로민
Kurdish Brom
Komi Бром
kernewek Bromyn
кыргызча Бром
Latin Bromium
Lëtzebuergesch Brom
Lombard Bròom
lingála Bomo
lietuvių Bromas
latviešu Broms
Mari Бром
Maori Pūkane
македонски Бром
മലയാളം ബ്രോമിന്‍
монгол Бром
Мокшан Брома
Bahasa Melayu Bromin, ²Brom
Malti Bromin, ²Bromu
Nahuatl Bromo
Nederlands Broom
norsk Brom
Occitan Bròm
ирон Бром
polski Brom
português Bromo
Runasimi Bromu
română Brom
русский Бром
slovenčina Bróm
slovenščina Brom
Samoan Bromimi
Samogitian Bruoms
shqip Brom
српски Бром
Southern Sotho Bromini
svenska Brom
Kiswahili Bromi
தமிழ் புரோமின்
Tajik Бром
ไทย โบรมีน
Türkçe Brom
ئۇيغۇرچە بروم
українська Бром
o‘zbek Brom
Tiếng Việt Brom
Võro Bruum
中文

Sejarah

Ditemui Di
1826
Ditemui Oleh
Antoine-J. Balard
Ditemui Pada
France
Asal Perkataan
From the Greek word "bromos" meaning "stench"