Molibdenum (Mo)

Ciri-Ciri Umum

Simbol Mo
Nombor Atom 42
Berat atom 95.94
Kumpulan
6 (keluarga kromium)
VIA (IUPAC), VIB (CAS)
Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
Tempoh 5
Blok d

Ciri-Ciri Fizikal

Ketumpatan 10.2 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 9.4 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.39 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 145 pm
Crust Abundance 0.00011%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Body centered
Color Gray

Tenaga

Keelektronegatifan 2.2 (Skala Pauling)
Afiniti Elektron 71.9 kJ/mol
Pengionan Tenaga Pertama 684 kJ/mol
ke2 Ionization Energy 1560 kJ/mol
ke3 Ionization Energy 2618 kJ/mol
ke4 Ionization Energy 4480 kJ/mol
ke5 Ionization Energy 5257 kJ/mol
ke6 Ionization Energy 6640.8 kJ/mol
ke7 Ionization Energy 12125 kJ/mol
ke8 Ionization Energy 13860 kJ/mol
ke9 Ionization Energy 15835 kJ/mol
ke10 Ionization Energy 17980 kJ/mol
ke11 Ionization Energy 20190 kJ/mol
ke12 Ionization Energy 22219 kJ/mol
ke13 Ionization Energy 26930 kJ/mol
ke14 Ionization Energy 29196 kJ/mol
ke15 Ionization Energy 52490 kJ/mol
ke16 Ionization Energy 55000 kJ/mol
ke17 Ionization Energy 61400 kJ/mol
ke18 Ionization Energy 67700 kJ/mol
ke19 Ionization Energy 74000 kJ/mol
ke20 Ionization Energy 80400 kJ/mol
ke21 Ionization Energy 87000 kJ/mol
ke22 Ionization Energy 93400 kJ/mol
ke23 Ionization Energy 98420 kJ/mol
ke24 Ionization Energy 104400 kJ/mol
ke25 Ionization Energy 121900 kJ/mol
ke26 Ionization Energy 127700 kJ/mol
ke27 Ionization Energy 133800 kJ/mol
ke28 Ionization Energy 139800 kJ/mol
ke29 Ionization Energy 148100 kJ/mol
ke30 Ionization Energy 154500 kJ/mol
Kapasiti Haba Spesifik 0.25 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivit Termal 138.0 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Pengoksidaan

Keadaan Oksidisasi +6,3,5
Elektron Setiap Petala 2 8 18 13 1
Konfigurasi Elektron [Kr] 4d5 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d5 5s1
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5s
↿ 
5p
 
 
 
5d
 
 
 
 
 
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Model Planetari Bohr Molibdenum (Mo)
Description
Hard, silvery-white metal.
Uses
Its alloys are used in aircraft, missiles, and protective coatings in boiler plate.
Sources
Found in the minerals molybdenite (MoS2) and wulfenite (MoO4Pb).
Pronounciation (English)
meh-LIB-deh-nem

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Molibdeen
Aragonese Molibdén
العربية مولبيدنيوم
Armãneashte Molibdenu
asturianu Molibdenu
azərbaycan dili Molibden
български Молибден
বাংলা মলিবডেনাম
brezhoneg Molibden
bosanski Molibden
Byelorussian Малібдэн
Cebuano Molibdeno
čeština Molybden
Chuvash Молибден
Cymraeg Molibdèn
dansk Molybdæn
Deutsch Molybdän
Ελληνικά Μολυβδενιο
English Molybdenum
esperanto Molibdeno
español Molibdeno
eesti Molübdeen
euskara Molibdenoa
فارسی مولیبدن
suomi Molybdeeni
føroyskt Molybden
français Molybdène
furlan Molibden
West-Frysk Molybdeen
Gaeilge Molaibdéineam
Gàidhlig Molaibdeanam
galego Molibdeno
ગુજરાતી મોલિબ્ડેનમનો
Gaelg Molybdenum
Hakka Chinese Muk (鉬)
עברית מוליבדן
हिन्दी मोलिब्डेनम
hrvatski Molibden
magyar Molibdén
հայերեն Մոլիբդեն
Indonesia Molibden
íslenska Mólýbden
italiano Molibdeno
日本語 モリブデン
ქართული მოლიბდენი
کٲشُر Molibdén
қазақ тілі Молибден
한국어 몰리브덴, 2몰리브덴넘
Kurdish Molibden
Komi Молибден
kernewek Molybdenum
кыргызча Молибден
Latin Molybdenum
Lëtzebuergesch Molybdän
Lombard Mulibdéen
lingála Modemu
lietuvių Molibdenas
latviešu Molibdens
Mari Молибден
Maori Molybdenum
македонски Молибден
മലയാളം മൊളിബ്ഡിനം
монгол Молибден
Мокшан Молибден
Bahasa Melayu Molibdenum
Malti Molibdinum, ²Molibdenu
Nahuatl Molibdeno
Nederlands Molybdeen
norsk Molybden
Occitan Molibdèn
ирон Молибден
polski Molibden
português Molibdénio
Runasimi Molibdenu
română Molibden
русский Молибден
slovenčina Molybdén
slovenščina Molibden
Samoan Molibdenimi
Samogitian Muolėbdens
shqip Molibden, ²Molybdeni
српски Молибден
Southern Sotho Molibdenamo
svenska Molybden
Kiswahili Molibdeni
தமிழ் மொலிப்டெனம்
Tajik Молибден
ไทย โมลิบดีนัม
Türkçe Molibden
ئۇيغۇرچە مولبېدىن
українська Молібден
o‘zbek Molibden
Tiếng Việt Molypđen, Molipđen
Võro Molübdeen
中文

Sejarah

Ditemui Di
1781
Ditemui Oleh
Carl William Scheele
Ditemui Pada
Sweden
Asal Perkataan
From the Greek word "molybdos" meaning "lead"