Neon (Ne)

Ciri-Ciri Umum

Simbol Ne
Nombor Atom 10
Berat atom 20.1797
Kumpulan
18 (gas nadir atau keluarga helium/keluarga neon)
VIII (IUPAC), VIIIA (CAS)
Gas, Diamagnetic, Noble Gas, Nonmetal, Stable, Natural
Tempoh 2
Blok p

Ciri-Ciri Fizikal

Ketumpatan 0.0009 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 16.9 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 0.51 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 71 pm
Crust Abundance 3E-7%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Colorless

Tenaga

Keelektronegatifan (Skala Pauling)
Afiniti Elektron 0 kJ/mol
Pengionan Tenaga Pertama 2088 kJ/mol
ke2 Ionization Energy 3952.3 kJ/mol
ke3 Ionization Energy 6122 kJ/mol
ke4 Ionization Energy 9371 kJ/mol
ke5 Ionization Energy 12177 kJ/mol
ke6 Ionization Energy 15238 kJ/mol
ke7 Ionization Energy 19999.0 kJ/mol
ke8 Ionization Energy 23069.5 kJ/mol
ke9 Ionization Energy 115379.5 kJ/mol
ke10 Ionization Energy 131432 kJ/mol
Kapasiti Haba Spesifik 1.03 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivit Termal 0.0493 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Pengoksidaan

Keadaan Oksidisasi 0
Elektron Setiap Petala 2 8
Konfigurasi Elektron [He] 2s2 2p6
1s2 2s2 2p6
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Model Planetari Bohr Neon (Ne)
Rajah Dot Lewis Neon (Ne)
Description
Colorless, odorless, tasteless inert gas. Fourth most abundant element in the universe and fifth most abundant in the earth's atmosphere (18.18 ppm).
Uses
Primarily for lighting.
Sources
Obtained from production of liquid air as a byproduct of producing liquid oxygen and nitrogen.
Pronounciation (English)
NEE-on

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Neon
Aragonese Neón
العربية نيون
Armãneashte Neon
asturianu Neón
azərbaycan dili Neon
български Неон
বাংলা নিয়ন
brezhoneg Neon
bosanski Neon
Byelorussian Неон, Нэон
Cebuano Neón
čeština Neon
Chuvash Неон
Cymraeg Neó
dansk Neon
Deutsch Neon
Ελληνικά Νεον
English Neon
esperanto Neono
español Neón
eesti Neoon
euskara Neona
فارسی نئون
suomi Neon
føroyskt Neon
français Néon
furlan Neon
West-Frysk Neon
Gaeilge Neon
Gàidhlig Neon
galego Neon
ગુજરાતી નીયૉનનો
Gaelg Neion
Hakka Chinese Nái (氖)
עברית ניאון
हिन्दी नियोन
hrvatski Neon
magyar Neon
հայերեն Նեոն
Indonesia Neon
íslenska Neon
italiano Neon
日本語 ネオン
ქართული ნეონი
کٲشُر Néón
қазақ тілі Неон
한국어 네온
Kurdish Neon, Nêyon
Komi Неон
kernewek Neon
кыргызча Неон
Latin Neon
Lëtzebuergesch Neon
Lombard Néun
lingála Neoni
lietuvių Neonas
latviešu Neons
Mari Неон
Maori Haukura
македонски Неон
മലയാളം നിയോണ്‍
монгол Неон
Мокшан Неон
Bahasa Melayu Neon
Malti Neon
Nahuatl Yancuīquehēcatl
Nederlands Neon
norsk Neon
Occitan Neon
ирон Неон
polski Neon
português Néon
Runasimi Niyun
română Neon
русский Неон
slovenčina Neón
slovenščina Neon
Samoan Neoni
Samogitian Neuons
shqip Neon
српски Неон
Southern Sotho Neone
svenska Neon
Kiswahili Neoni
தமிழ் நியன்
Tajik Неон
ไทย นีออน
Türkçe Neon
ئۇيغۇرچە نىئون گازى
українська Неон
o‘zbek Neon
Tiếng Việt Neon, Nê-ông
Võro Neoon
中文

Sejarah

Ditemui Di
1898
Ditemui Oleh
Sir William Ramsay, Morris W. Travers
Ditemui Pada
London, England
Asal Perkataan
From the Greek word "neon" meaning "new"