Fosforus (P)

Ciri-Ciri Umum

Simbol P
Nombor Atom 15
Berat atom 30.973762
Kumpulan
15 (keluarga nitrogen)
VB (IUPAC), VA (CAS)
Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Stable, Natural, Nonmetal
Tempoh 3
Blok p

Ciri-Ciri Fizikal

Ketumpatan 1.82 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 17.0 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.28 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 106 pm
Crust Abundance 0.099%
Crystal Structure Monoclinic
Color Colorless

Tenaga

Keelektronegatifan 2.2 (Skala Pauling)
Afiniti Elektron 72 kJ/mol
Pengionan Tenaga Pertama 1060 kJ/mol
ke2 Ionization Energy 1907 kJ/mol
ke3 Ionization Energy 2914.1 kJ/mol
ke4 Ionization Energy 4963.6 kJ/mol
ke5 Ionization Energy 6273.9 kJ/mol
ke6 Ionization Energy 21267 kJ/mol
ke7 Ionization Energy 25431 kJ/mol
ke8 Ionization Energy 29872 kJ/mol
ke9 Ionization Energy 35905 kJ/mol
ke10 Ionization Energy 40950 kJ/mol
ke11 Ionization Energy 46261 kJ/mol
ke12 Ionization Energy 54110 kJ/mol
ke13 Ionization Energy 59024 kJ/mol
ke14 Ionization Energy 271791 kJ/mol
ke15 Ionization Energy 296195 kJ/mol
Kapasiti Haba Spesifik 0.769 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivit Termal 0.235 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Pengoksidaan

Keadaan Oksidisasi -3
Elektron Setiap Petala 2 8 5
Konfigurasi Elektron [Ne] 3s2 3p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
3d
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Model Planetari Bohr Fosforus (P)
Rajah Dot Lewis Fosforus (P)
Description
Soft white waxy phosphorescent solid, brownish-red powder or black solid.
Uses
Used in the production of fertilizers and detergents. Some is used in fireworks, safety matches, and incendiary weapons. Also some applications for it and some of its compounds which glow in the dark.
Sources
Found most often in phosphate rock. Pure phosphorus is obtained by heating a mixture of phosphate rock, coke, and silica to about 1450 °C.
Pronounciation (English)
FOS-fer-es

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Fosfor
Aragonese Fosforo
العربية فوسفور
Armãneashte Fosforu
asturianu Fósforu
azərbaycan dili Fosfor
български Фосфор
বাংলা ফসফরাস
brezhoneg Fosfor
bosanski Fosfor
Byelorussian Фосфар
Cebuano Posporo
čeština Fosfor, Kostík†
Chuvash Фосфор
Cymraeg Fòsfor
dansk Phosphor, Fosfor
Deutsch Phosphor
Ελληνικά Φωσφορος
English Phosphorus
esperanto Fosforo
español Fósforo
eesti Fosfor
euskara Fosforoa
فارسی فسفر
suomi Fosfori
føroyskt Fosfor
français Phosphore
furlan Fosfar
West-Frysk Fosfor
Gaeilge Fosfar
Gàidhlig Fosfaras
galego Fósforo
ગુજરાતી ફૉસ્ફરસનો
Gaelg Fosfaar
Hakka Chinese Lìn (磷)
עברית זרחן
हिन्दी फास्फोरस
hrvatski Fosfor
magyar Foszfor
հայերեն Ֆոսֆոր
Indonesia Fosfor
íslenska Fosfór
italiano Fosforo
日本語 リン
ქართული ფოსფორი
کٲشُر Fòsfòr
қазақ тілі Фосфор
한국어
Kurdish Fosfor
Komi Фосфор
kernewek Fosforus
кыргызча Фосфор
Latin Phosphorus
Lëtzebuergesch Phosphor
Lombard Fòsfur
lingála Fosofo
lietuvių Fosforas
latviešu Fosfors
Mari Фосфор
Maori Pūtūtae-whetū
македонски Фосфор
മലയാളം ഫോസ്ഫറസ്
монгол Фосфор
Мокшан Паликандур
Bahasa Melayu Fosforus
Malti Fosfru
Nahuatl Fósforo
Nederlands Fosfor
norsk Fosfor
Occitan Fosfòr
ирон Фосфор
polski Fosfor
português Fósforo
Runasimi Phusphuru
română Fosfor
русский Фосфор
slovenčina Fosfor
slovenščina Fosfor
Samoan Fosforimi
Samogitian Fuosfuors
shqip Fosfor
српски Фосфор
Southern Sotho Fosforase
svenska Fosfor
Kiswahili Posfori
தமிழ் பொஸ்பரசு
Tajik Фосфор
ไทย ฟอสฟอรัส
Türkçe Fosfor
ئۇيغۇرچە فوسفور
українська Фосфор
o‘zbek Fosfor
Tiếng Việt Photpho
Võro Fosfor
中文

Sejarah

Ditemui Di
1669
Ditemui Oleh
Hennig Brand
Ditemui Pada
Germany
Asal Perkataan
From the Greek word "phosphoros" meaning "bringer of light"