Plumbum, ²Timbal (Pb)

Ciri-Ciri Umum

Simbol Pb
Nombor Atom 82
Berat atom 207.2
Kumpulan
14 (keluarga karbon)
IVB (IUPAC), IVA (CAS)
Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Metal, Stable, Natural, Poor Metal
Tempoh 6
Blok p

Ciri-Ciri Fizikal

Ketumpatan 11.4 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 18.3 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.75 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 175 pm
Crust Abundance 0.00099%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Slate Gray

Tenaga

Keelektronegatifan 2.3 (Skala Pauling)
Afiniti Elektron 35.1 kJ/mol
Pengionan Tenaga Pertama 723 kJ/mol
ke2 Ionization Energy 1450.5 kJ/mol
ke3 Ionization Energy 3081.5 kJ/mol
ke4 Ionization Energy 4083 kJ/mol
ke5 Ionization Energy 6640 kJ/mol
Kapasiti Haba Spesifik 0.129 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivit Termal 35.3 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Pengoksidaan

Keadaan Oksidisasi +2,4
Elektron Setiap Petala 2 8 18 32 18 4
Konfigurasi Elektron [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4f
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5s
↿⇂
5p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6s
↿⇂
6p
↿ 
↿ 
 
6d
 
 
 
 
 
6f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Model Planetari Bohr Plumbum, ²Timbal (Pb)
Rajah Dot Lewis Plumbum, ²Timbal (Pb)
Description
Very soft, highly malleable and ductile, blue-white shiny metal.
Uses
Used in solder, shielding against radiation and in batteries.
Sources
Found most often in ores called galena or lead sulfide (PbS). Some is found in its native state.
Pronounciation (English)
LED

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Lood
Aragonese Plomo
العربية رصاص
Armãneashte Plumbu
asturianu Plomu
azərbaycan dili Qurğuşun
български Олово
বাংলা লেড
brezhoneg Plom
bosanski Olovo
Byelorussian Цвінец
Cebuano Plomo
čeština Olovo
Chuvash Хура тăхлан
Cymraeg Plom
dansk Bly
Deutsch Blei
Ελληνικά Μολυβδος
English Lead
esperanto Plumbo
español Plomo
eesti Plii
euskara Beruna
فارسی سرب
suomi Lyijy
føroyskt Blýggj
français Plomb
furlan Plomp
West-Frysk Lead
Gaeilge Luaidhe
Gàidhlig Luaidh
galego Chumbo
ગુજરાતી સીસુંનો
Gaelg Leoaie
Hakka Chinese Yèn (鉛)
עברית עופרת
हिन्दी सीसा
hrvatski Olovo
magyar ólom
հայերեն Կապար
Indonesia Timbal
íslenska Blý
italiano Piombo
日本語
ქართული ტყვია
کٲشُر Òłów
қазақ тілі Къоргъасын
한국어
Kurdish Sirb, Sirîç
Komi Ширысь
kernewek Plom
кыргызча --
Latin Plumbum
Lëtzebuergesch Bläi
Lombard Piuump
lingála Kubéle
lietuvių Švinas
latviešu Svins
Mari Вӱдвулно
Maori Matā
македонски Олово
മലയാളം കറുത്തീയം
монгол Хар тугалга
Мокшан Киви
Bahasa Melayu Plumbum, ²Timbal
Malti Ċomb
Nahuatl Temētztli
Nederlands Lood
norsk Bly
Occitan Plomb
ирон Зды
polski Ołów
português Chumbo
Runasimi Titi, ²Waychi, ³Antaki
română Plumb
русский Свинец
slovenčina Olovo
slovenščina Svinec
Samoan Loto
Samogitian Švins
shqip Plumb
српски Олово
Southern Sotho Loto
svenska Bly
Kiswahili Plumbi, ²Risasi
தமிழ் ஈயம்
Tajik Сурб
ไทย ตะกั่ว
Türkçe Kurşun
ئۇيغۇرچە قوغۇشۇن
українська Свинець
o‘zbek Qoʻrgʻoshin
Tiếng Việt Chì
Võro Plii
中文

Sejarah

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Ditemui Pada
Asal Perkataan
From the Anglo-Saxon word "lead; Latin, plumbum" (the origin of the symbol Pb is the Latin word "plumbum" meaning "liquid silver"