Silikon (Si)

Ciri-Ciri Umum

Simbol Si
Nombor Atom 14
Berat atom 28.0855
Kumpulan
14 (keluarga karbon)
IVB (IUPAC), IVA (CAS)
Solid, Diamagnetic, Semiconductor, Stable, Natural, Metalloid
Tempoh 3
Blok p

Ciri-Ciri Fizikal

Ketumpatan 2.33 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 12.1 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.32 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 111 pm
Crust Abundance 27%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Gray

Tenaga

Keelektronegatifan 1.9 (Skala Pauling)
Afiniti Elektron 133.6 kJ/mol
Pengionan Tenaga Pertama 780 kJ/mol
ke2 Ionization Energy 1577.1 kJ/mol
ke3 Ionization Energy 3231.6 kJ/mol
ke4 Ionization Energy 4355.5 kJ/mol
ke5 Ionization Energy 16091 kJ/mol
ke6 Ionization Energy 19805 kJ/mol
ke7 Ionization Energy 23780 kJ/mol
ke8 Ionization Energy 29287 kJ/mol
ke9 Ionization Energy 33878 kJ/mol
ke10 Ionization Energy 38726 kJ/mol
ke11 Ionization Energy 45962 kJ/mol
ke12 Ionization Energy 50502 kJ/mol
ke13 Ionization Energy 235196 kJ/mol
ke14 Ionization Energy 257923 kJ/mol
Kapasiti Haba Spesifik 0.7 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivit Termal 148.0 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Pengoksidaan

Keadaan Oksidisasi ±4
Elektron Setiap Petala 2 8 4
Konfigurasi Elektron [Ne] 3s2 3p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿ 
↿ 
 
3d
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Model Planetari Bohr Silikon (Si)
Rajah Dot Lewis Silikon (Si)
Description
Amorphous form is brown power; crystalline form has gray metallic appearance. Seventh most abundant element in the universe. Second most plentiful element in the earths crust.
Uses
Used in glass as silicon dioxide (SiO2). Silicon carbide (SiC) is one of the hardest substances known and used in polishing. Also the crystalline form is used in semiconductors.
Sources
Makes up major portion of clay, granite, quartz (SiO2), and sand. Commercial production depends on a reaction between sand (SiO2) and carbon at a temperature of around 2200 °C.
Pronounciation (English)
SIL-i-ken

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Silikon (Kiesel †)
Aragonese Silizio
العربية سيلكون
Armãneashte Silitsiumu
asturianu Siliciu
azərbaycan dili Silisium
български Силиций
বাংলা সিলিকন
brezhoneg Silisiom
bosanski Silicij[um]
Byelorussian Крэмній
Cebuano Siliko
čeština Křemík
Chuvash Кремни
Cymraeg Silici
dansk Silicium
Deutsch Silizium
Ελληνικά Πυριτιο
English Silicon
esperanto Silicio
español Silicio
eesti Räni
euskara Silizioa
فارسی سیلیسیم
suomi Pii
føroyskt Silicium
français Silicium
furlan Silici
West-Frysk Silisium
Gaeilge Sileacón
Gàidhlig Sileacon
galego Silicio
ગુજરાતી સિલિકોન
Gaelg Shillagon
Hakka Chinese Si̍t (矽)
עברית צורן
हिन्दी सिलिकॉन
hrvatski Silicij
magyar Szilícium
հայերեն Սիլիցիում
Indonesia Silikon
íslenska Kísill
italiano Silicio
日本語 ヶィ素
ქართული სიცილიუმი
کٲشُر Krzém
қазақ тілі Кремний
한국어 규소
Kurdish Silisyum
Komi Кремний
kernewek Sylycon
кыргызча Кремний
Latin Silicium
Lëtzebuergesch Silizium
Lombard Silíci
lingála Siliki
lietuvių Silicis
latviešu Silīcijs
Mari Кремний
Maori Takawai
македонски Силициум
മലയാളം സിലിക്കണ്‍
монгол Цахиур
Мокшан Ктаем
Bahasa Melayu Silikon
Malti Silikon, ²Siliċju
Nahuatl Tecpatli
Nederlands Silicium, Kiezel†
norsk Silisium
Occitan Silici
ирон Кремний
polski Krzem
português Silício
Runasimi Ullayayaq, ²Silisyu
română Siliciu
русский Кремний
slovenčina Kremík
slovenščina Silicij
Samoan Silisimi
Samogitian Sėlėcis
shqip Silicium
српски Силицијум
Southern Sotho Silikone
svenska Kisel
Kiswahili Silikoni
தமிழ் சிலிக்கன்
Tajik Силитсий
ไทย ซิลิคอน
Türkçe Silisyum
ئۇيغۇرچە سىلىتسىي
українська Кремній
o‘zbek Kremniy
Tiếng Việt Silic
Võro Räni
中文

Sejarah

Ditemui Di
1824
Ditemui Oleh
Jöns Jacob Berzelius
Ditemui Pada
Sweden
Asal Perkataan
From the Latin word "silicis" meaning "flint"