Timah (Sn)

Ciri-Ciri Umum

Simbol Sn
Nombor Atom 50
Berat atom 118.71
Kumpulan
14 (keluarga karbon)
IVB (IUPAC), IVA (CAS)
Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, Metal, Stable, Natural, Poor Metal
Tempoh 5
Blok p

Ciri-Ciri Fizikal

Ketumpatan 7.31 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 16.3 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.62 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 141 pm
Crust Abundance 0.00022%
Crystal Structure Tetragonal
Color Silver

Tenaga

Keelektronegatifan 2.0 (Skala Pauling)
Afiniti Elektron 107.3 kJ/mol
Pengionan Tenaga Pertama 709 kJ/mol
ke2 Ionization Energy 1411.8 kJ/mol
ke3 Ionization Energy 2943.0 kJ/mol
ke4 Ionization Energy 3930.3 kJ/mol
ke5 Ionization Energy 7456 kJ/mol
Kapasiti Haba Spesifik 0.228 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivit Termal 66.6 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Pengoksidaan

Keadaan Oksidisasi +4,2
Elektron Setiap Petala 2 8 18 18 4
Konfigurasi Elektron [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5s
↿⇂
5p
↿ 
↿ 
 
5d
 
 
 
 
 
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Model Planetari Bohr Timah (Sn)
Rajah Dot Lewis Timah (Sn)
Description
Silvery-white, soft, malleable and ductile metal.
Uses
Used as a coating for steel cans since it is nontoxic and noncorrosive. Also in solder (33%Sn:67%Pb), bronze (20%Sn:80%Cu), and pewter. Stannous fluoride (SnF2), a compound of tin and fluorine is used in some toothpaste.
Sources
Principally found in the ore cassiterite(SnO2) and stannine (Cu2FeSnS4).
Pronounciation (English)
TIN

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Tin
Aragonese Estaño
العربية قصدير
Armãneashte Cãlae
asturianu Estañu
azərbaycan dili Qalay
български Калай
বাংলা টিন
brezhoneg Staen
bosanski Kalaj
Byelorussian Волава
Cebuano Estanyo
čeština Cín
Chuvash Тăхлан
Cymraeg Estany
dansk Tin
Deutsch Zinn
Ελληνικά Κασσιτερος
English Tin
esperanto Stano
español Estaño
eesti Tina
euskara Eztainua
فارسی قلع
suomi Tina
føroyskt Tin
français Étain
furlan Stagn
West-Frysk Tin
Gaeilge Stán
Gàidhlig Staoin
galego Estaño
ગુજરાતી ટિનનો
Gaelg Stainney
Hakka Chinese Siak
עברית בדיל
हिन्दी त्रपु
hrvatski Kositar
magyar ón
հայերեն Անագ
Indonesia Timah
íslenska Tin
italiano Stagno
日本語 スズ
ქართული კალა
کٲشُر Cëna
қазақ тілі Къалайы
한국어 주석
Kurdish Pîl
Komi Озысь
kernewek Sten
кыргызча --
Latin Stannum
Lëtzebuergesch Zënn
Lombard Staagn
lingála Etani
lietuvių Alavas
latviešu Alva
Mari Вулно
Maori Tīni
македонски Калај
മലയാളം വെളുത്തീയം
монгол Цагаан тугалга
Мокшан Валдакиви, Равжа киви
Bahasa Melayu Timah
Malti Landa, ²Stann
Nahuatl Amochitl
Nederlands Tin
norsk Tinn
Occitan Estam, ²Estanh
ирон Къала
polski Cyna
português Estanho
Runasimi Chayanta
română Staniu, ²Cositor
русский Олово
slovenčina Cín
slovenščina Kositer
Samoan Ten
Samogitian Alavs
shqip Kalaj, ²Zinni
српски Калај
Southern Sotho Thene
svenska Tenn
Kiswahili Stani, ²Bati
தமிழ் தகரம்
Tajik Қалъагӣ
ไทย ดีบุก
Türkçe Kalay
ئۇيغۇرچە قەلەي
українська Олово
o‘zbek Qalay
Tiếng Việt Thiếc
Võro Tina
中文

Sejarah

Ditemui Di
Ditemui Oleh
Ditemui Pada
Asal Perkataan
From the Anglo-Saxon word "tin" (the origin of the symbol Sn comes from the Latin word "stannum" meaning "tin")