Vanadium (V)

Ciri-Ciri Umum

Simbol V
Nombor Atom 23
Berat atom 50.9415
Kumpulan
5 (keluarga vanadium)
VA (IUPAC), VB (CAS)
Solid, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
Tempoh 4
Blok d

Ciri-Ciri Fizikal

Ketumpatan 6.11 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 8.35 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.34 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 125 pm
Crust Abundance 0.019%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Body centered
Color Silver

Tenaga

Keelektronegatifan 1.6 (Skala Pauling)
Afiniti Elektron 50.6 kJ/mol
Pengionan Tenaga Pertama 651 kJ/mol
ke2 Ionization Energy 1414 kJ/mol
ke3 Ionization Energy 2830 kJ/mol
ke4 Ionization Energy 4507 kJ/mol
ke5 Ionization Energy 6298.7 kJ/mol
ke6 Ionization Energy 12363 kJ/mol
ke7 Ionization Energy 14530 kJ/mol
ke8 Ionization Energy 16730 kJ/mol
ke9 Ionization Energy 19860 kJ/mol
ke10 Ionization Energy 22240 kJ/mol
ke11 Ionization Energy 24670 kJ/mol
ke12 Ionization Energy 29730 kJ/mol
ke13 Ionization Energy 32446 kJ/mol
ke14 Ionization Energy 86450 kJ/mol
ke15 Ionization Energy 94170 kJ/mol
ke16 Ionization Energy 102300 kJ/mol
ke17 Ionization Energy 112700 kJ/mol
ke18 Ionization Energy 121600 kJ/mol
ke19 Ionization Energy 130700 kJ/mol
ke20 Ionization Energy 143400 kJ/mol
ke21 Ionization Energy 151440 kJ/mol
ke22 Ionization Energy 661050 kJ/mol
ke23 Ionization Energy 699144 kJ/mol
Kapasiti Haba Spesifik 0.489 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivit Termal 30.7 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Pengoksidaan

Keadaan Oksidisasi +5,2,3,4
Elektron Setiap Petala 2 8 11 2
Konfigurasi Elektron [Ar] 3d3 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d3 4s2
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
 
 
4s
↿⇂
4p
 
 
 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Model Planetari Bohr Vanadium (V)
Description
Soft, ductile, silvery-white metal. Resistant to corrosion by moisture, air and most acids and alkalis at room temperature.
Uses
It is mixed with other metals to make very strong and durable alloys. Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is used as a catalyst, dye and color-fixer.
Sources
Found in the minerals patronite (VS4), vanadinite [Pb5(VO4)3Cl], and carnotite [K2(UO2)2(VO4)2.3H2O]. Pure metal produced by heating with C and Cl to produce VCl3 which is heated with Mg in Ar atmosphere.
Pronounciation (English)
veh-NAY-di-em

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Vanadium
Aragonese Banadio
العربية فناديوم
Armãneashte Vanadiumu
asturianu Vanadiu
azərbaycan dili Vanadium
български Ванадий
বাংলা ভ্যানাডিয়াম
brezhoneg Vanadiom
bosanski Vanadij[um]
Byelorussian Ванадый
Cebuano Vanadyo
čeština Vanad
Chuvash Ванади
Cymraeg Vanadi
dansk Vanadium
Deutsch Vanadium
Ελληνικά Βαναdιο
English Vanadium
esperanto Vanadio
español Vanadio
eesti Vanaadium
euskara Banadioa
فارسی وانادیم
suomi Vanadiini
føroyskt Vanadium
français Vanadium
furlan Vanadi
West-Frysk Vanadium
Gaeilge Vanaidiam
Gàidhlig Vanaidiam
galego Vanadio
ગુજરાતી વૅનેડિયમનો
Gaelg Vanaadjum
Hakka Chinese Fàm (釩)
עברית ונדיום
हिन्दी वनेडियम
hrvatski Vanadij
magyar Vanádium
հայերեն Վանադիում
Indonesia Vanadium
íslenska Vanadín
italiano Vanadio
日本語 バナジウム
ქართული ვანდიუმი
کٲشُر Wônôd
қазақ тілі Ванадий
한국어 바나듐
Kurdish Vanadyûm
Komi Ванадий
kernewek Vanadyum
кыргызча Ванадий
Latin Vanadium
Lëtzebuergesch Vanadium
Lombard Vanàdi
lingála Vanadu
lietuvių Vanadis
latviešu Vanādijs
Mari Ванадий
Maori Vanadium
македонски Ванадиум
മലയാളം വനേഡിയം
монгол Ванади
Мокшан Ванади
Bahasa Melayu Vanadium
Malti Vanadju[m]
Nahuatl Vanadio
Nederlands Vanadium
norsk Vanadium
Occitan Vanadi
ирон Ванадий
polski Wanad
português Vanádio
Runasimi Wanadyu
română Vanadiu
русский Ванадий
slovenčina Vanád
slovenščina Vanadij
Samoan Vanadimi
Samogitian Vanadis
shqip Vanad, ²Vanadiumi
српски Ванадијум
Southern Sotho Vanadiamo
svenska Vanadin
Kiswahili Vanadi
தமிழ் வனேடியம்
Tajik Ванадий
ไทย วาเนเดียม
Türkçe Vanadyum
ئۇيغۇرچە ۋانادىي
українська Ванадій
o‘zbek Vanadiy
Tiếng Việt Vanađi
Võro Vanaadium
中文

Sejarah

Ditemui Di
1801
Ditemui Oleh
Andres Manuel del Rio and Nils Sefström
Ditemui Pada
Mexico and Sweden
Asal Perkataan
Named after "Vanadis", the goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology