Osmium (Os)

Ciri-Ciri Umum

Simbol Os
Nombor Atom 76
Berat atom 190.23
Kumpulan
8 (keluraga besi)
VIIIA (IUPAC), VIII (CAS)
Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
Tempoh 6
Blok d

Ciri-Ciri Fizikal

Ketumpatan 22.6 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 8.43 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.35 angstroms
Radius Kovalen --
Crust Abundance 1.8E-7%
Crystal Structure Hexagonal
Color Slate Gray

Tenaga

Keelektronegatifan 2.2 (Skala Pauling)
Afiniti Elektron 106.1 kJ/mol
Pengionan Tenaga Pertama 840 kJ/mol
ke-2 Ionization Energy 1600 kJ/mol
Kapasiti Haba Spesifik 0.13 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivit Termal 87.6 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Pengoksidaan

Keadaan Oksidisasi +4,6,8
Elektron Setiap Petala 2 8 18 32 14 2
Konfigurasi Elektron [Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d6 6s2
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4f
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5s
↿⇂
5p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5d
↿⇂
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6s
↿⇂
6p
 
 
 
6d
 
 
 
 
 
6f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Model Planetari Bohr Osmium (Os)
Description
Hard fine black powder or hard, lustrous, blue-white metal.
Uses
Used to tip gold pen points, instrument pivots, to make electric light filaments. Used for high temp. alloys and pressure bearings. Very hard and resists corrosion better than any other.
Sources
Obtained from the same ores as platinum.
Pronounciation (English)
OZ-mi-em

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Osmium
Aragonese Osmio
العربية ازميوم
Armãneashte Osmiumu
asturianu Osmiu
azərbaycan Osmium
български Осмий
বাংলা অসমিয়াম
brezhoneg Osmiom
bosanski Osmij[um]
Byelorussian Осмій
Cebuano Osmyo
čeština Osmium
Chuvash Осми
Cymraeg Osmi
dansk Osmium
Deutsch Osmium
Ελληνικά Οσμιο
English Osmium
esperanto Osmio
español Osmio
eesti Osmium
euskara Osmioa
فارسی اوسمیم
suomi Osmium
føroyskt Osmium
français Osmium
furlan Osmi
Frysk Osmium
Gaeilge Oismiam
Gàidhlig Oismiam
galego Osmio
ગુજરાતી ઑસ્મિયમનો
Gaelg Osmium
Hakka Chinese Ngò (鋨)
עברית אוסמיום
हिन्दी अस्मियम
hrvatski Osmij
magyar Ozmium
հայերեն Օսմիում
Indonesia Osmium
íslenska Osmín
italiano Osmio
日本語 オスミウム
ქართული ოსმიუმი
کٲشُر Òsm
қазақ тілі Осмий
한국어 오스뮴
kurdî Osmiyûm
Komi Осмий
kernewek Osmyum
кыргызча Осмий
Latin Osmium
Lëtzebuergesch Osmium
Lombard Òsmi
lingála Osumu
lietuvių Osmis
latviešu Osmijs
Mari Осмий
Māori Osmium
македонски Осмиум
മലയാളം ഓസ്മിയം
монгол Осми
Мокшан Осми
Melayu Osmium
Malti Ożmju[m]
Nahuatl Osmio
Nederlands Osmium
norsk Osmium
Occitan Òsmi
ирон Осмий
polski Osm
português Ósmio
Runasimi Osmiyu
română Osmiu
русский Осмий
slovenčina Osmium
slovenščina Osmij
Samoan Osmimi
Samogitian Uosmis
shqip Osmium
српски Осмијум
Southern Sotho Osmiamo
svenska Osmium
Kiswahili Osmi
தமிழ் ஒஸ்மியம்
тоҷикӣ Осмий
ไทย ออสเมียม
Türkçe Osmiyum
ئۇيغۇرچە ئوسمىي
українська Осмій
o‘zbek Osmiy
Tiếng Việt Osimi, Osmi
Võro Osmium
中文

Sejarah

Ditemui Di
1803
Ditemui Oleh
Smithson Tennant
Ditemui Pada
England
Asal Perkataan
From the Greek word "osme" meaning "smell"